• Citing Your Sources for Research

     

    Preparing the Works Cited List:
    A Guide for Students

    Try Noodle Tools for help in creating your works cited list.

    How to Write Your Works Cited List

     Part of research is keeping track of where you get your information. This not only helps you during the research process; it also shows your teacher all the work you did!

    When you hand in a research project, you should also hand in a list of all the materials you used – books, encyclopedias, web sites, videos, etc. This is called the Works Cited List.

     The works cited list:

    • Is in alphabetical order (by the first word in the entry)
    • Is formatted with a “hanging indent”
      (In MS Word, this is under the format pull-down menu, select “paragraph,” and is under “special”)
    • Titles of articles from encyclopedias or magazines are put in quotation marks
    • Titles of books, encyclopedias and magazines are underlined

     You need to include:

    WHO wrote the book or article or website? (Author’s last name first, then first name)
    WHAT is it called? (Title of Book / Article / Webpage)
    WHERE was it published? (City and name of publisher / URL)
    WHEN was it published? (Copyright date / issue date / last updated date & access date)

    Sometimes, not all the information is available. For example, some encyclopedias and many web pages do not list authors, so just go to the next part of the works cited list entry.

     Follow this format for books:

    Lastname, Firstname. Book Title. City of Publication: Name of Publisher, Year Published.

    Follow this format for encyclopedias:

    Lastname, Firstname. "Article Title."Encyclopedia Title, edition.

    Follow this format for magazines:

    Lastname, Firstname. "Article Title." Magazine Title issue date: page(s).

    Follow this format for websites:

    Lastname, Firstname. "Title of Web Page." Title of Website. Date Accessed .
     

    Preparing the Works Cited List:
    A Guide for Students
     

    Print Sources

    Book - One Author 

    Woog, Adam. Elvis Presley. San Diego: Lucent, 1997. 

    Book - Two Authors 

    Delany, Sarah and A. Elizabeth Delany. Having Our Say: The Delany Sisters’ First 100 Years. New York: Dell, 1992.

    Book - Three or More Authors 

    Lass, Abraham H., et. al. The Dictionary of Classical, Biblical, & Literary Allusions. New York: Fawcett, 1988. 

    Book - No Author’s Name Given

     A History of The American West. Los Angeles: Maverick, 1995. 

    Book - With Editor 

    Henderson, Bill, ed. Rotten Reviews: A Literary Companion. New York: Penguin, 1987. 

    Chapter or Essay From a Book 

    Norman, Geoffrey. “Hunting Keeps the Wildlife Population in Check.” Animal Rights. San Diego: Greenhaven, 1999. 78-85. 

    Book From a Multivolume Work 

    Doyle, Arthur Conan. The Oxford Sherlock Holmes. Ed. Owen Dudley Edwards. 9 vols. New York: Oxford UP, 1993. 

    Encyclopedias

    (With familiar encyclopedias, you only need the article title, encyclopedia title, edition [if stated] and year published.) 

    Encyclopedia - Unsigned Article 

    “Westward Movement.” The World Book Encyclopedia. 1989 ed. 

    Encyclopedia - Signed Article 

    Ewing, Rodney C. "Manazite.” The World Book Encyclopedia. 1996 ed.

    Magazine Article 

    Smith, Gene. “Lost Bird: The Infant Survivor of Wounded Knee.” American Heritage April 1996: 38-40. 

    Newspaper Article 

    Manegold, Catherine S. “Becoming a Land of the Smoke-Free, Ban by Ban. New York Times 22 Mar. 1994, late ed.: A1+. 

    NON-PRINT SOURCES 

    Interview Conducted by Yourself 

    Bowie, David. Personal interview. 24 Mar. 1996.

     Interview Conducted by Another Person

     Updike, John. Interview with Scott Simon. Weekend Edition. National Public Radio. WBUR, Boston. 2 Apr. 1994. 

    CD-ROM 

    “Lure of the West.” Smithsonian’s America: An Interactive Exhibition of American History and Culture. CD- ROM. RunTime. 1994.

    “Texas.” Grolier’s Multimedia Encyclopedia. CD-ROM. 1995 ed.  

    ON-LINE DATABASES: 

    Author. "Article title." Original Source of Article Date of Original Source: page numbers. Name of the Database Used. Name of the Database Publisher. Date Accessed . 

    ICONN: DISCovering Collection
    (Use the citation included at the end of the article)

     "Benedict Arnold." DISCovering Biography. Gale Research, 1997. Reproduced in Discovering Collection. Farmington Hills, Mich.: Gale Group. October, 2001. Accessed 4 March 2003 .

      

    EBSCO MiddleSearch +

     Tator, Charles, James D. Carson, and Robert Cushman. "Hockey injuries of the spine in Canada, 1966- 1996." CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal Vol.162 Issue 6, 03/21/2000, 787. Available from Academic Search Elite .  EBSCOhost. Accessed 15 November 2000 .

    SIRS Researcher

     Sears, Stephen W. “The First News Blackout.” Civil War Chronicles Winter 1994: 16-23. SIRS Researcher. SIRS Knowledge Source. Accessed 2 November 2002 .

     Frick, Robert. "Investing in Medical Miracles." Kiplinger's Personal Finance Feb. 1999: 80-87. SIRS Researcher. SIRS Knowledge Source. Accessed 10 February 2000 http://sks.sirs.com/.
     
    Television or Radio Program

     “Frederick Douglass.” Civil War Journal. Narr. Danny Glover. Dir. Craig Haffner. Arts & Entertainment Network. 6 Apr. 1993. 

    Videocassette

     It’s a Wonderful Life. Dir. Frank Capra. Perf. James Stewart, Donna Reed, Lionel Barrymore, and Thomas Mitchell. RKO, 1946.

    Sound Recording

     Delany, Sarah and A. Elizabeth Delany with Amy Hill Hearth. Having Our Say: The Delany Sister’ First 100 Years. 1993. Read by Whoopi Goldberg. Audio cassette. Audio Renaissance Tapes, 1994. 

    Internet 

    Lastname, Firstname. "Title of Web Page." Title of Website. Date Accessed

    “Joe DiMaggio Yankee Legend Dead at 84.” Cable News Network Home Page. Accessed 8 March 1999 .

    Sample Works Cited List

    Able, Deborah. Hate Groups.   Hillside, N.J.: Enslow Publishers, 1995. 

    Delany, Sarah and A. Elizabeth Delany with Amy Hill Hearth. Having Our Say: The Delany Sister’ First 100 Years. 1993. Read by Whoopi Goldberg. Audio cassette. Audio Renaissance Tapes, 1994.

     "Dog Fetches Phone, Saves Life." Cable News Network Homepage. Accessed 10 February 1999 .

     “Frederick Douglass.” Civil War Journal. Narr. Danny Glover. Dir. Craig Haffner. Arts & Entertainment Network. 6 Apr. 1993.

     Henderson, Bill, ed. Rotten Reviews: A Literary Companion. New York: Penguin, 1987.

     Norman, Geoffrey. Animal Rights. San Diego: Greenhaven, 1999.

     Smith, Gene. “Lost Bird: The Infant Survivor of Wounded Knee.” American Heritage April 1996: 38-40. 

    Tator, Charles, James D. Carson, and Robert Cushman. "Hockey injuries of the spine in Canada, 1966- 1996." CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal Vol.162 Issue 6, 03/21/2000, 787. Available from Academic Search Elite. EBSCOhost. Accessed 15 November 2000 .
     


    1] Adapted from:

    Gibaldi, Joseph, 1942- MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 6th Ed.    New York : Modern Language Association of America, 2003
     
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Last Modified on June 1, 2010